Provided by BBVA The Internet is the decisive technology of the Information Age, and with the explosion of wireless communication in the early twenty-first century, we can say that humankind is now almost entirely connected, albeit with great levels of inequality in bandwidth, efficiency, and price.
Received Apr 29; Accepted Jul The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice.
No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Why do people listen to music? Over the past several decades, scholars have proposed numerous functions that listening to music might fulfill.
However, different theoretical approaches, different methods, and different samples have left a heterogeneous picture regarding the number and nature of musical functions.
Moreover, there remains no agreement about the underlying dimensions of these functions. Part one of the paper reviews the research contributions that have explicitly referred to musical functions.
It is concluded that a comprehensive investigation addressing the basic dimensions underlying the plethora of functions of music listening is warranted.
Part two of the paper presents an empirical investigation of hundreds of functions that could be extracted from the reviewed contributions. These functions were distilled to non-redundant functions that were then rated by respondents.
Principal component analysis suggested three distinct underlying dimensions: People listen to music to regulate arousal and mood, to achieve self-awareness, and as an expression of social relatedness. The first and second dimensions were judged to be much more important than the third—a result that contrasts with the idea that music has evolved primarily as a means for social cohesion and communication.
The implications of these results are discussed in light of theories on the origin and the functionality of music listening and also for the application of musical stimuli in all areas of psychology and for research in music cognition. Most common behaviors have a recognizable utility that can be plausibly traced to the practical motives of survival and procreation.
Moreover, in the array of seemingly odd behaviors, few behaviors match music for commandeering so much time, energy, and money. Music listening is one of the most popular leisure activities. Music is a ubiquitous companion to people's everyday lives.
The enthusiasm for music is not a recent development.
Recognizably musical activities appear to have been present in every known culture on earth, with ancient roots extending backyears or more see Zatorre and Peretz, The ubiquity and antiquity of music has inspired considerable speculation regarding its origin and function.
Throughout history, scholars of various stripes have pondered the nature of music. Philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists, musicologists, and neuroscientists have proposed a number of theories concerning the origin and purpose of music and some have pursued scientific approaches to investigating them e.
The origin of music is shrouded in prehistory. There is little physical evidence—like stone carvings or fossilized footprints—that might provide clues to music's past. Necessarily, hypotheses concerning the original functions of music will remain speculative.
Nevertheless, there are a number of plausible and interesting conjectures that offer useful starting-points for investigating the functions of music. A promising approach to the question of music's origins focuses on how music is used—that is, it's various functions.
In fact, many scholars have endeavored to enumerate various musical functions see below.Jun 29, · Communication Process. We are taught to communicate from birth, without thinking of it as a process. If you initiate the communication, you are the .
Imagine you are a climatologist trying to communicate your research results to two different audiences: (1) your peer scientists, and (2) policy makers. In the first case, your goal is to present your research to scientists who very well understand the science behind what you did. Technology can also affect the quality of communication.
One of the great benefits of the Internet is its anonymity, allowing users to explore and communicate without having to give away their personal details. Unfortunately, this can also lead to users behaving in ways completely different than they would in a face-to-face conversation. Communication researchers have long given up on the believe that we can find any strong direct and immediate media effects.
The media's relevance lies in its ubiquity, and in the ubiquity of its messages. Expository Piece Good Morning Madam. I am Roneque Bennett, a lower sixth form student of grade twelve (12) sigma. The theme of my research is the Negative . Social Networking and Its Effect on Communication; Social Networking and Its Effect on Communication.
April 8, helpful as I am writing an essay on social media and its effects on.