The darkness is illuminating; the dead underworld possesses vitality; the reluctant journey of Persephone becomes the desired journey of the speaker. These paradoxes are familiar ones for Lawrence, who saw contemporary European society as overly cerebral and stripped of life-giving, primitive physicality. Throughout his poetry and fiction, Lawrence espouses the virtues of blood and earth: The spiritual is rooted in the bodily and the natural, not in the intellectual at least not in contemporary society, which has corrupted the intellectual.
Carni The name of the region, like neighbouring Carinthia and Carniolaprobably derives from the Carnia Celtic tribe who had lived for centuries in the fertile plains between the Rhine and the Danube rivers where other Celtic peoples lived.
Starting from BC, the demographic growth and the pressure of the Germanic peoples, originated a migratory flood towards the south. They practiced hunting and breeding. During the hard winters the herders used to move with their cattle down to the piedmont plains.
Also they were skilful iron Bavarian gentians wood manufacturers. The Carni were headed by a king and Bavarian gentians sacerdotal caste of druids.
Antiquity[ edit ] The first historical date related to the arrival of the Carni is BC, when some 50, Carni, composed of armed men, women and children descended towards the plains in which they previously used to winter and on a hill they founded a stable defensive settlement, Akileja.
The Romansconcerned by the expansion of this people, in BC forced back the Carni to the mountains, they destroyed their settlement and they founded a defensive settlement at the north-east boundaries. The new settlement was named Aquileiaafter the former Celtic name Akileja.
In order to stem the Roman expansion and to acquire the fertile and more hospitable plains, the Carni tried to form alliances with the Histrianthe Iapodeand the Taurisci Celts. As Rome, in turn, was more and more becoming awere of the impending danger coming from the Carni and as it wanted to accelerate its own expansion, it sent to the north-east the legions of consul Marcus Aemilius Scauruswho finally defeated the Carni in a battle of 15 November BC.
Later on, the Carni, characterised by a docile temper and who had been defeated in battle, submitted to Rome, accepting its commands and its concessions.
In the course of the following centuries, the Carni and Roman customs and blood would get mixed and this union of two deeply different cultures would slowly give rise to a new people, the Aquileiese or Friulan People.
The mixing of the two languages would give rise to the Friulian language. In the mean time Aquileia enlarged its importance.
It became a Municipium Romanum in 90 BC; it was an important commercial and hand-craft production centre. Also it was the main port on the Adriatic sea and a garrison settlemnent.
Middle Ages[ edit ] Upon the Decline of the Roman Empire and the Migration Periodthe area was subdued by invading Germanic Ostrogoths under Theodoric the Great and later by the Lombardswho incorporated it into the Duchy of Friulipart of their Italian kingdom.
With adjacent CarantaniaCarnia was conquered by Frankish forces in the campaign of Charlemagne. The Friulian dukes, successors of Hrodgaud d. At the Imperial Diet of Augsburghe had to declare himself an East Frankish vassal, and the whole Veronese march came under the rule of the German stem duchy of Bavaria.
In it became part of the newly established Duchy of Carinthia.INDIAN SCHOOL CERTIFICATE (YEAR) EXAMINATION YEAR LIST OF PRESCRIBED TEXTBOOKS ENGLISH (Compulsory) Paper 1. Language No specific book is being recommended for.
Carnia (Friulian: Cjargne or Cjargna/Cjargno in local variants, Venetian: Ciargna, German: Karnien) is a historical-geographic region in the northeastern Italian area of skybox2008.com 27 municipalities all belong to the Province of Udine, which itself is part of the autonomous Friuli-Venezia Giulia region.
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The people listed below play, or have played an important part in our garden heritage. They are plant hunters, gardeners, plantsmen, garden designers, authors, botanists, garden owners and others with close associations with gardens and gardening.
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