However it is correct to call it epenthesis when viewed synchronically since the modern basic form of the verb is a and so the psycholinguistic process is therefore the addition of t to the base form. A similar example is the English indefinite article a, which becomes an before a vowel. However, a synchronic analysis, in keeping with the perception of most native speakers, would equally correctly see it as epenthesis: In Dutchwhenever the suffix -er which has several meanings is attached to a word already ending in -r, an additional -d- is inserted in between.
Place markedness hierarchy Lombardi Homorganic glide insertion McCarthy Contextual markedness Uffmann S-insertion in Dominican Spanish and English Introduction Recent theories of phonology, most notably Optimality Theory OT and Articulatory Phonology APhave returned to one of the leading ideas of s Natural Phonology, namely that phonological processes and constraints are synchronically well-motivated normally by phonetic considerations.
Seemingly unnatural processes such as the insertion of r in some dialects of English have therefore called for special explanation in these theories.
Both OT and AP stand in stark contrast on this count to rule-based theories derived from SPE, which allow rules to insert synchronically arbitrary segments though a formal cost is associated with each feature included in the rule, predicting that rules inserting fewer features will be more common than rules inserting large bundles of features.
This paper provides formal arguments and empirical evidence from a range of languages demonstrating that the prediction of rule-based phonology is correct: This is a problem for both OT and AP, which are specifically designed to exclude insertion of synchronically-arbitrary segments. I argue that unnatural systems of this type are accounted for most efficiently and insightfully in a rule-driven 1 framework; existing OT implementations can be jury-rigged to account for the relevant phenomena, but only at the cost of abandoning the central theoretical tenets that have been claimed to give OT the advantage over derivational theories.
Feb 15, · It seems, according to chrysalid, that during the Ottoman period loans were more likely re-shaped according to Turkish phonological rules (thus, prothesis or epenthesis) while they were more likely left in more or less "original" shape afterwards. Translation for 'epenthesis' in the free English-Polish dictionary and many other Polish translations. This paper uses novel data showing gradient labial harmony in Kazakh to compare Kaun's () feature-based analysis with a dispersion-based analysis in a Maximum Entropy Harmonic Grammar.
If a segment is inserted, it should be the maximally unmarked segment McCarthy These same consonants are also common in phonemic systems. Similarity Steriade v.
Thus, while the magnitude or timing of a gesture may vary, gestures may not be inserted. Underlying consonant MohananStampeHarrisGicketc. Both OT and DP can generate this result.
Problems Evidence for the -r- being inserted rather than underlying cf. One line to pursue in this respect is the fact that glottal stops are often considered to be placeless cf. This means that a glottal stop is chosen as an epenthetic element because it requires less structure to be inserted. The default epenthetic consonant is a coronal, preferrably [t] BroselowParadis and PrunetMcCarthy and PrinceAnttilade Lacy to appear ii.
Other consonants are only allowed to be inserted by the activity of morphologically-conditioned constraints. All segments are fully-specified in surface representations.
All pharyngeals and laryngeals have a Pharyngeal Place specification. Alderete et al in the universal hierarchy of Place markedness in 8. All of this may be taken as indications that N, just like r, is a placeless, close to empty, consonant.
It in fact makes no such prediction in the absence of a theory of universal constraint ranking. Daly and MartinKahn DP has unified analysis: It also fails to account for the fact that r-insertion developed in England shortly after r-deletion did; according to McCarthy it is equally plausible for r-insertion to develop before r-deletion.
This rule is general; no exceptions. Requires systematic hypercorrection of all long-vowel roots ii. Requires postulating y- and r-final allomorphs for every single long-vowel stem iii. One might object that a rule-based account of the same facts would be equally stipulative, but this is not entirely true.Feb 15, · Turkish (speakers): pro- and epenthesis in loan words.
Discussion in 'Etymology, History of languages, and Linguistics (EHL)' started by Frank06, Jun 24, A sound change with L2 origins: Word-final vowel epenthesis Ng E-Ching · [email protected] · National University of Singapore · 9 January The translations of epenthesis from English to other languages presented in this section have been obtained through automatic statistical translation; where the essential translation unit is the word «epenthesis» in English.
epenthesis - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. All Free. Turkish vowel epenthesis 5 But he proceeds to argue against that analysis, and in favor of the one suggested by Swift, on the grounds that the regressive V->0 rule (covertly or overtly) makes reference to a specific morpheme and has no visible phonological motivation, whereas the Swift analysis contains only phonologically plausible rules.
The vowel epenthesis and deletion errors ( as cited in Hall ). For example, one of the main cues listeners rely on to identify place features of consonants is .