The ill-fated some would add, twisted relationship between Heathcliff and Cathy shocked readers when the book came out.
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A Biography Oxford,pp. The Evolution of Genius Oxford,p. Literary Assessment, Background, and Reference London,p. The first person as far as I am aware to suggest that Charlotte may have borrowed her pseudonym from Miss Currer was 'the Hon.
Whone noted the occurrence of Miss Currer's name among Institute members but did not outline any other relevant points in support of the connexion.
Adopting a surname as a first name was of course a convenient way of concealing a person's sex; after all, the choice of 'proper' Christian names that could have been used by men and women alike was severely limited.
Charlotte's Shirley was given this 'masculine cognomen' in default of heirs male, pioneering it as a first name for women; see E.
On phrenology in Charlotte's novels, see Wilfred M. See Frank, A Chainless Soul, p. Margot Peters's account of Arthur Bell Nicholls's successful attempt at vindicating Ireland, and his own Irish family, in the prejudiced Charlotte's eyes; Unquiet Soul: A Biography of Charlotte Bronte London,p.
There are also many references to the Celtic origins of the Rev.
A Quaker and a supporter of women's rights, she was a friend of Mrs Gaskell 's. Her husband William reviewed Shirley in favourable terms; see Miriam Allott ed.
The Critical Heritage London,pp. Shortly afterwards, Mrs Gaskell wrote her initial letter to Charlotte. Viewed against the background of contemporary circumstances, Southey's letter to her 'klingt Eine Biographie Frankfurt, ; I have used the Fischer pocket edition ofwhere the relevant passage occurs on p.
It is hard to apply the term 'great' to Bell after having read the grim verdict on his personal qualities in Meiklejohn's book especially p. They led to the comparatively forward-looking statement, 'Nothing is more astonishing to me than that a virtue so rigidly demanded from woman should be so despised among men'.
Further information on Bell was provided by J. Meiklejohn's An Old Educational Reformer: Andrew Bell Edinburgh and London, Chadwick, Mrs Ellis [sic] H. Dictionary of National Biography Edgeworth, Maria. The Home Life and Letters of Mrs.
Ellis, Compiled by Her Nieces.
Pictures of Private Life, 2nd ed. The Daughters of England. The Mothers of England: Gates, Barbara Timm ed. Backgrounds to Victorian Literature.
The Best of Eliza Acton. Aspects and Prospects of Arthur Huntingdon.
Early Victorian Britain I never could get into the Bronte sisters' actual works of fiction, but I had always heard that much of their fiction was based on their real life experiences, which is what led me to this book, which I really enjoyed for several reasons.
The website of the Bronte Parsonage Museum and Bronte Society, Whats on at the Bronte Parsonage Museum Haworth West Yorkshire and What events are being run by the Bronte Society in the UK, Bronte Society and Bronte Parsonage News releases, Description of online services The Brontës & Haworth - Introduction to the Novels.
. The Complete Poems of Emily Jane Bronte [Emily Bronte, C. W. Hatfield, Irene Taylor] on skybox2008.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In a small book entitled Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell appeared on the British Literary scene. The three psuedonymous poets.
Edward Chitham, A Life of Emily Brontë (Oxford & New York: Blackwell, ). Katherine Frank, A Chainless Soul: A Life of Emily Brontë (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, ).
Juliet Barker, The Brontës (New York: St. Martin's Press, ). Patrick Brontë (17 March – 7 June ), was born in Loughbrickland, County Down, Ireland, of a family of farm workers of moderate means. His birth name was Patrick Prunty or Brunty. His mother Alice McClory, was of the Roman Catholic faith, whilst his father Hugh was a Protestant, and Patrick was brought up in his father's faith.
This essay, which was originally published in English Studies () as 'The Bronte Pseudonyms', appears in the Victorian Web with the kind permission of the author and the English Studies publishers Swets & Zeitlinger, who retain copyright..
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